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International Journal of Forensic Medicine

2020, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A

A study on incidence of organophosphate poisoning at govt. medical college, Andhra Pradesh: A two year study


Author(s): Dr. Narsireddy R, Dr. Srinivas Ch and Dr. Maleeswari

Abstract: Background: Nowadays, organophosphate (OP) compounds are widely used in agricultural field as an insecticide. Toxicity with these compounds is owing to inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase enzyme. Patients are presented with muscarinic and nicotinic side effects. Objective: To study the clinical aspect of OP poisoning in detail with hospital stay, clinical course, complication, and recovery and mortality in OP poisoning. Materials and Methods: This study was done at GGH, Vijayawada India, comprising 250 cases of OP poisoning. After taking written consent, personal history of the patients was taken. Then, a detailed history regarding poison and clinical symptoms was taken. Then, general and systematic examinations of patients were carried out, and blood samples were sent for investigations. We followed up the patients till discharge or death. Result: In our study, maximum incidence of OP poisoning was in between 21-30 years age group (37.5%), and male to female ratio was 4:1. Clinical symptoms such as unconsciousness, stupor (75%), vomiting (10%), convulsions (62.5%) are froth at mouth and nostrils (50%) and the common symptoms whereas constricted pupils (75%), pulmonary oedema (87.5%), Tachycardia (75%), hypotension (25%) are the common signs noted in this series of cases who were treated in the hospital and where the hospital records were available. Histopathological examination of tissue revealed usually congestion of brain, oedema and congestion of lungs and fatty degeneration in liver and in some cases cloudy swelling and tubular necrosis in kidneys Conclusion: Detailed history and thorough clinical examination of patients are helpful in diagnosing the patients of OP poisoning. Life-threatening complications occurred in these patients. Early detection and immediate treatment in intensive care units with injections atropine and PAM can increase the chances of survival rate of patients.

DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2020.v2.i2a.24

Pages: 08-13 | Views: 355 | Downloads: 165

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Narsireddy R, Dr. Srinivas Ch, Dr. Maleeswari. A study on incidence of organophosphate poisoning at govt. medical college, Andhra Pradesh: A two year study. Int J Forensic Med 2020;2(2):08-13. DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2020.v2.i2a.24
International Journal of Forensic Medicine