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International Journal of Forensic Medicine

2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A

Asphyxia death analysis and cello tape sample implications


Author(s): Dr. Vamshi Madhav B, Dr. Upender Jadhav and Dr. Venkatramana

Abstract: Background: Asphyxiation caused by violence is one of the most significant contributors to unnatural deaths. When conducting day-to-day autopsies, forensic experts frequently come across deaths caused by hanging and other forms of strangulation in the course of their professional lives. Around the world, suicide is a significant problem that affects both the economy and public health. The presence of a ligature mark at the victim's neck is one of the characteristics that is considered to be indicative of a death caused by hanging or strangulation.Method: This current study was conducted on cases of death due to compression of the neck by any form, such as ligature material due to hanging, strangulation, etc., that were brought for postmortem examination at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.Results: There were a total of 500 autopsies performed, and 90 of them involved the compression of the victim's neck in some way, shape, or form. 01 was a case of hanging with antemortem injury over the body, 01 was a case of ligature strangulation, 01was a case of manual strangulation, one was a case of hanging with a sign of asphyxia present over the body, and 06 were under investigation because a ligature mark was not clearly visible over the body.Discussion: This study was conducted on cases of deaths caused by compression of the neck in any way, such as ligature material from hanging, strangulation, or other causes, brought for postmortem. A total of 500 postmortems were performed, of which 90 involved neck compression in some way. Out of them, 81 cases involved hanging, 01 involved ligature strangulation, 01 involved manual strangulation, 01 involved hanging with an antemortem damage to the body, and 06 involved signs of suffocation present on the body but no clearly visible ligature mark.Conclusion: The majority of hanging cases included saliva dripping, although manual strangulation and ligature instances did not. In certain instances, we had sampled cello tape from around the neck and placed it on paper to check for fibres and foreign objects, as well as a cross-match with ligature material. After getting the FSL findings, the definitive cause of death was determined.

DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.44

Pages: 23-25 | Views: 53 | Downloads: 23

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Vamshi Madhav B, Dr. Upender Jadhav, Dr. Venkatramana. Asphyxia death analysis and cello tape sample implications. Int J Forensic Med 2021;3(1):23-25. DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.44
International Journal of Forensic Medicine