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International Journal of Forensic Medicine

2022, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part A

Autism spectrum disorder in relation to associated factors of children in salah-addin province: Iraq


Author(s): Abdulhadi Mohamed Jumaa, Mohammed Rajab Ahmed, Ahmed Raad Hamed, Eman Rasheed Abdulhameed and Alkhansa Kefah Abbas

Abstract: Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted interests and repetitive behaviors.Rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the last decades has led research to focus on the diagnosis and identification of factors associated with ASD. This paper sought for possible factors that put children at risk for ASD. In this study, we investigated the association between ASD and child factors in Iraqi people.Aim of the study: To assess the relationship and estimate the effect of child risk factors with the development of autism spectrum disorders among Iraqi children in Salah-addin city.Methods: An observational case-control study involving 180 children (90 autistic children and 90 healthy children), was conducted in salah-addin city through the period (from 15 Nov. 2021 to 20 march 2022), using Arabic language interviewer administered questionnaire through direct interview and the collected data was measured using chi-square and represented by a suitable tables and figures. Results: The study shows that among 90 autistic child 81% (73) children were male in gender and 61% (55) children were diagnosed between (3-6) years of age. The study found that 68.2% (62) children have a positive family history for development of ASD.Conclusions: Most of affected children are male and two third of them diagnosed at ages between (3-6) years. Family history of autism was common among the autistic children.

DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2022.v4.i2a.50

Pages: 13-18 | Views: 54 | Downloads: 30

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How to cite this article:
Abdulhadi Mohamed Jumaa, Mohammed Rajab Ahmed, Ahmed Raad Hamed, Eman Rasheed Abdulhameed, Alkhansa Kefah Abbas. Autism spectrum disorder in relation to associated factors of children in salah-addin province: Iraq. Int J Forensic Med 2022;4(2):13-18. DOI: 10.33545/27074447.2022.v4.i2a.50
International Journal of Forensic Medicine